The Krugerrand, South Africa – The classic gold bullion coin
The Krugerrand – Called "Krugerrand" in the German-speaking world, it was first minted by the Pretoria Mint in the year 1967. The fineness of the Krugerrand is 916.6/1000. This well-known coin was named after Paul Kruger, the first president of the Republic of South Africa, whose profile appears on the obverse of the coin. The reverse of the Krugerrand is adorned with a springbok antelope. It does not carry a denomination. Its value is determined every business day based on the market price of gold. It is valid as legal tender but is customarily used as an investment in bullion. The high fineness of the Krugerrand makes it a currency coin; its value is guaranteed by its value as a precious metal. The Krugerrand is available in a troy weight of 1/1, 1/2, 1/4, and 1/10 troy ounce. The Krugerrand holds the highest market share out of the many gold bullion coins in existence.
Gold Maple Leaf – A bullion coin from Canada
The profile of the English monarch Queen Elisabeth II adorns the front of the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf. Its fineness is even higher than that of the Krugerrand. Until 1982, it was 999/1000. Later mintings of the Maple Leaf have a gold fineness of 999.9/1000, and there have been quite a few special editions of this bullion coin with "five nine" purity, at 999.99/1000. After the Krugerrand, the Gold Maple Leaf is the next-most-sold bullion coin. It is available in a troy weight of 1/20, 1/10, 1/4, 1/2, and 1 troy ounce. The value of the Gold Maple Leaf is adjusted to the market price of gold on a daily basis.
An Australian Gold Coin – The Nugget (Australian Kangaroo)
The Nugget – officially called the "Australian kangaroo" – has been in existence since 1986. It is minted by the Perth Mint. This gold coin is distinguished by its many variations, as it bears a nominal value (Australian Dollars) – as a five-dollar, fifteen-dollar, twenty-five-dollar, fifty-dollar, and one-hundred-dollar coin. The Nugget is valid as official Australian currency. You may request this coin without a denomination, as well, in a troy weight of 1/20, 1/10, 1/4, 1/2, one, two, or ten troy ounces. In addition, the Perth Mint issues the Large Nugget in limited numbers in the weight of one kilogram. The smallest bullion coin in the world also comes from the Perth Mint: A two-dollar Nugget with a troy weight of 0.5 grams. The Nugget's gold fineness is 999.9/1000 – and it's price depends on the market price for gold, as well. The Australian kangaroo appears each year with a new and attractive design, with kangaroo variations on the obverse and Queen Elisabeth II on the reverse. The mint year can be found on the kangaroo side.
"Vienna Philharmonic" – Austria's piece of gold
Since the first issuance of Austria's gold bullion coin "The Vienna Philharmonic" in 1989, this very visually appealing coin boasts great popularity with investors. Its flat striking means that it has the largest diameter of all comparable gold coins, at 37 mm. The fineness of this coin enters the realm of absolute purity, at 999.9/1000. The "Vienna Philharmonic" is produced by the Austrian Mint and is available in increments from 1/10 to 1 troy ounce. On one side is the organ from the Goldener Saal of the Vienna Musikverein (Vienna Music Society), and on the other, musical instruments: Cello, violins, French horn, bassoon and harp. The "Vienna Philharmonic" is recognized as official Austrian legal tender. It is traded (including by valvero) not on the basis of its denomination, but based on the current market price for gold, due to its value as a precious metal.
Silver Maple Leaf – Canada
The Maple Leaf – the Canadian silver bullion coin – has enjoyed great popularity with investors since it was first issued by the Canadian Mint in 1988. On the obverse is the emblem of Canada – the maple leaf – and on the other side is the profile of Queen Elisabeth II. With a troy weight of 1 ounce, it bears the denomination of 5 CAD (Canadian Dollars). However, it is also available in amounts from 1/20 ounce (1 CAD), 1/10 ounce (2 CAD), 1/4 ounce (3 CAD), and 1/2 ounce (4 CAD). In addition, the Canadian Mint issues special mintings with a troy weight of 10 ounces (1 kg) and a nominal value of 50 CAD.
Austrian bullion coins are the "Benjamins" of the bullion coins. "Silver Harmony", as it is known internationally, was first issued by the Austrian Mint in 2008. This attractive silver coin bears the same design as the gold coin: On the obverse, selected instruments of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, and on the reverse, the organ in the Goldener Saal at the Vienna Musikverein (Vienna Music Society). The designs stay the same every year. Only the year of issue changes to differentiate among coins from each year. The Silver Philharmonic is among the most popular silver bullion coins at the international level. With a troy weight of 1 ounce and its nominal value of 1.50 euro, it is legal tender in Austria.
On its obverse, the Silver Eagle bears the Walking Liberty, wearing the United States flag around her shoulders. The reverse side of this silver coin bears the image of the eagle from the Great Seal of the United States. The coin is made of 99.9% silver and has a troy weight of one ounce. Its nominal value is set at 1 US Dollar. The Silver Eagle is produced in a limited edition with a polished surface for collectors. Each coin is marked according to its mint, with an S for San Francisco, a P for Philadelphia, and a W for West Point. The Silver Eagle's face has not changed significantly since its first issue in 1986. It is one of the most-sold and most popular silver bullion coins in the world.